Education, training and research

The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs' Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) No. 4 is "Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all". This follows the relatively successful Millennium Development Goal (MDGs) for 2015, that sought to achieve universal primary education.

Apart from the need to provide education as a basic human right, developing economies especially have a pressing need for education and training as a means to addressing rising unemployment in both rural and urban areas as well as to provide the necessary human capital for national socio-economic development.

Education in Africa especially has made phenomenal gains over the last fifty years. Much has also changed, however, over the same period and a considerable shift in education strategy is called for in many African countries.